Brazil-Sweden Relations

Brazil and Sweden established diplomatic relations in 1826. The ties were strengthened when the first Swedish immigrants arrived in 1890. In 1909, the first line of regular sea transportation between the two countries was established. Ericsson was the pioneer among Swedish companies to invest in Brazil, in 1924. Investments increased and diversified from 1946 onwards, concentrating in São Paulo – where, in 1953, the Swedish-Brazilian Chamber of Commerce was established.

Brazil and Sweden have expressed interest in intensifying their political dialogue, also at a multilateral level, beyond the economic field, a process which started with the State Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Sweden in 2007.

On the occasion of the visit of Lula da Silva to Sweden in 2009, the Brazil-Sweden Strategic Partnership, which guided bilateral cooperation in trade and investment, bioenergy, defense, environment, science, technology and innovation, as well as education and culture, was celebrated. In 2015, during the official visit to Sweden of then-President Dilma Rousseff, the New Strategic Partnership Action Plan was adopted. The Action Plan not only updated the previous document, but also determined the resumption and even the creation of groups, such as the Political Consultation Mechanism, the Business Council, the Joint Committee on Economic, Industrial and Technological Cooperation, the High Level Group on Aeronautics, the Working Group on Innovative High Technological Industrial Cooperation, the Strategic Political Dialogue between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defense.

The technical-military cooperation is an important aspect of the bilateral relationship, and it has gained new dynamism with the decision of the Brazilian Government to acquire, within the framework of the FX-2 Program, Swedish Saab Gripen NG fighter jets for the Brazilian Air Force. Thirty-six fighter aircraft, initial logistics, pilot and ground team training, as well as flight simulators will be provided, along with technology transfer and industrial cooperation.
Brazil’s participation in the Gripen NG project implies the sharing of intellectual property of the end product, as well as that Brazil will be qualified for any future autonomous development of a fifth-generation jet fighter.

Cooperation in science, technology and innovation between Brazil and Sweden is based on the Additional Protocol on Cooperation in Industrial and Innovative High Technology, which was signed in 2009. This framework includes cooperation activities between the Brazilian Agency of Industrial Development (ABDI) and the Swedish Agency of Innovation (VINNOVA, in the Swedish acronym).

The Swedish-Brazilian Center for Research and Innovation (CISB), headquartered in São Bernardo do Campo and opened in 2011, aims at contributing to the development of cutting-edge technological sectors of both countries through identifying, developing, and supporting high technology research projects in different areas of knowledge. Its main acting areas are airspace, defence, and sustainable cities, with emphasis on public safety, urban sanitation, and solid waste treatment.

Most recently, the Brazilian government decided to organize in Sweden, at the end of October 2017, the first Brazil-Sweden Innovation Week, which, like the traditional Swedish Innovation Weeks in Brazil, has the purpose of assembling in several seminars and work meetings hundreds of Brazilian and Swedish authorities, experts and opinion leaders around the promising innovation agenda.

 

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